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Drug Rehab

Studies conducted in 2015 showed that nearly 23 million citizens in the United States required treatment for drug or alcohol addiction, but a mere 10 percent of these people received the help needed. It is widely believed that there is a lack of knowledge surrounding addiction and drug rehab. Once we move ahead to today, we have reached new levels of addiction the experts couldn’t fathom. A significant contributor to this epidemic is the opioid crisis, and in 2017 alone, The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates 72,000 Americans perished from drug overdoses, which is up from 63,000 just a year prior.

With such a staggering figure relating to drug overdoses alone, it’s crucial that access to information for people getting help is available. Drug abuse affects millions around the world, but it costs the United States a jaw-dropping $740 billion per year alone. The federal government does not keep statistics concerning these issues; the CDC records the high numbers of cost and deaths attributed to drug use.

When it is left untreated, drug abuse is downright dangerous and can have grave consequences to those unable to stop on their own. Often, a drug user alone isn’t at risk since addiction is a family disease. In many cases, the drug user’s loved ones think that without their help, their relative will be consumed by addiction and die. This way of thinking is common among families who are dealing with addiction, and an actual example of how this disease can poison more than just the user.

As time goes on with someone using drugs, their chance of surviving this deadly disease decreases dramatically. It is essential to get the person into treatment and give them their best chance of surviving. The problem is that for drug addiction to be treated; the affected user must seek out help on their own. When a user is forced into rehab, the likelihood of them remaining sober is slim. A study released by the International Journal of Drug Policy found that forced rehab is somewhat effective in the short-term, but more studies are required to understand the long-term effects of compulsory drug treatment. For some, however, forced treatment may be better than no treatment at all.

What Is Drug Rehabilitation?

Drug rehab is administered by medical and healthcare professionals at a treatment center. Having some existing knowledge about how these facilities operate can help either you or a loved one feel confident about making a difficult decision about your future.

In simple terms, drug rehab refers to when someone who has a substance abuse problem engages in medical and/or psychological therapy to treat their disorder. A substance use disorder, more often referred to as addiction, is defined as a long-lasting, chronic disease that requires long-term, if not lifetime, care and treatment. While this is seen as a disease, it is one that is treatable, but currently, there is no cure. The most effective methods of treatment are through extensive drug rehabilitation programs.

Drug rehab centers use various techniques and therapy methods to help combat addiction. Their primary focus is to help curb future drug abuse and ease recovering users comfortably into their new sober surroundings. Depending on how severe the addiction is, a soon-to-be client has many options in which to choose.

Clients can participate in residential treatment, which they live on-site during the program, or outpatient, where they live off-site as they receive therapy and services. Choosing the right facility and the correct type of treatment will be the difference between successful long-term recovery or not completing the program.

Drug Rehabilitation Process

It’s vital that recovering drug users each have a customized plan for their recovery. The numerous levels of care provided are based on the severity of ones’ addiction, not the type of drug, which is a common misconception.

During the drug rehab process, a client will be under continuous medical supervision and care. The intensity of the medical intervention will be altered through each level of care, and those in residential care will receive a different level of care than someone in an intensive outpatient center. Throughout the treatment, clients will earn more privileges and freedoms through their actions. With that said, with great freedom comes great responsibility.

The purpose of treatment is to attain sobriety. Encouraging someone to work hard and earn more privileges teaches responsibility and how to prevent relapse in stressful situations. 

Detoxification

Medical detoxification is the first of many steps in the sobriety process. It is widely believed to be the most challenging transition in the treatment process because of withdrawal that will affect the mind and body. The purpose of detox is to help someone manage the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal that emerge when drug or alcohol use is reduced or stopped. While it is a vital first step of the process, it does little by itself to change long-term drug habits. It seldom will net long-term abstinence alone. It is an ingredient necessary for adequate drug addiction treatment.

As more drugs are used over time, the substance(s) build up in the body. It becomes more apparent as the brain stops producing natural chemicals. When you abstain from drugs, the body, which is dependent on the substance at this point, will not be able to produce natural chemicals to offset the lack of drugs in the system. This is considered withdrawal, and symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on various factors. Due to the uncertainty, medical detox is essential to make sure the client has 24-hour supervision for comfort and safety reasons while getting off the drug.

Outpatient

Outpatient programs are viewed as the complete opposite of residential treatment centers. They offer low-to-moderate intensity and more flexibility when it comes to cost and time. Individuals in recovery who have a stable environment outside of a treatment center, such as school or work, may want to consider outpatient treatment. It is a better option for a “functioning user” who needs treatment but cannot spend a month or more away from their obligations.

Outpatient treatment can involve a combination of several disciplines, such as:

  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Group and Individual Therapy
  • Holistic therapies (yoga and meditation)
  • 12-step fellowship programs
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

There are three levels of outpatient care that all serve a specific purpose, including partial hospitalization (PHP), intensive outpatient (IOP), and outpatient (OP).

  • Partial hospitalization: The first level of outpatient treatment – this level of outpatient care requires clients to participate in therapy sessions four or five days a week. It feels more like full-time treatment, but at the end of the sessions, the clients can return home. PHP’s provide medical attention and supervision that ensures clients’ success but also gives them the independence to start building off their transition into sobriety.
  • Intensive outpatient treatment: IOP requires nine hours per week minimum attendance, but clients could attend up to 20 hours per week. It is a therapeutic approach to treatment that feels less like a chore and full-time responsibility. Those in IOP therapy also have more time for work, school, and other obligations.

Start On Your Journey To Recovery Today

If you or someone you know is struggling with drug addiction and is ready to start their recovery for a better, sober tomorrow, Desert View Recovery wants to help. We offer a variety of therapies that are tailored for your specific needs.

Sources

Cognitive behavioral therapy. (2019, March 16). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cognitive-behavioral-therapy/about/pac-20384610

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (n.d.). 8: Medical detoxification. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/teaching-packets/understanding-drug-abuse-addiction/section-iii/7-medical-detoxification

The effectiveness of compulsory drug treatment: A systematic review. (2015, December 18). Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0955395915003588#sec0090

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2017, April 24). Trends & Statistics. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics

National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2019, January 29). Overdose Death Rates. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/trends-statistics/overdose-death-rates

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