Luminal was a once-popular method of treating disorders like epilepsy, especially for those living in developing countries. At one point, it was used as a sedative-hypnotic in the United States, but it became less prevalent in the 1960s as a wave of new drugs known as benzodiazepines swept the market.
Luminal is the brand name of phenobarbital, which falls under the barbiturate category of drugs. Due to their risk for addiction and dangerous overdose or withdrawal symptoms, barbiturates were largely phased out. The benefits did not outweigh the risks.
Luminal falls under a broader class of drugs known as depressants, and it is similar to alcohol. It causes intoxicating effects when abused, but long-term use will lead to chemical dependence and addiction.
Luminal interacts with the chemical messenger in our brain known as GABA, which is used to limit excitability in the mind and help you relax or sleep. In the event someone consumes high doses of GABA altering drugs, they will experience heavy sedation, euphoria, and other intoxicating effects. Those who develop dependency or addiction to Luminal may find it troublesome to stop alone.
Signs and Symptoms of Luminal Addiction
Addiction can occur before you realize it’s an issue, and it’s characterized by compulsive substance use, no matter the severe consequences that may arise. Many will come to the realization they have a problem, but most will have trouble stopping. In most cases, however, people with substance use disorders will not realize their drug use has crossed the line of being a problem.
Fortunately, some signs can indicate you, or a loved one is struggling with addiction. The most evident signs are a growing tolerance or the need to increase your dose, but others may exhibit more unique symptoms. Although these won’t occur all at once, if you are aware of what happens, you can help someone early in their addiction.
If your drug use is causing consequences in your relationships, finances, or health, and you can’t muster up the strength to quit by yourself, this could indicate a severe substance use disorder.
Other Signs And Symptoms Include:
- Strange sleep patterns
- Alcohol-like intoxication
- Slowed breathing
- Slurred speech
- Irritability or agitation
- Mood swings
- Memory issues
- Impaired decision making
- Struggling at work or school
How Luminal Addiction Treatment Works
Luminal addiction is considered a chronic and progressive disease, but with the right help, it can be treated. Effective addiction treatment must involve personalized therapy that will address your medical, social, and mental health needs, as well as financial problems or legal issues. Drug and alcohol rehab must address your substance abuse while treating the underlying issues, such as mental health disorders.
When you enter a treatment facility, you must go through an assessment phase that determines which level of care is appropriate for you. These levels will include medical detox, inpatient services, intensive outpatient treatment, or an outpatient program. You may find yourself moving through multiple channels until you are released. You will meet with therapists on a weekly basis to ensure you maximize the effectiveness of treatment.